Joint modelling in advanced thin-walled beam models

Anders B. Hansen, Jeppe Jönsson*, Ricardo F. Vieira

*Corresponding author for this work

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A methodology for thin-walled frame analysis using displacement modes of beams at joint interfaces has recently been proposed. This paper introduces an implementation that uses a specific advanced beam element based on semi-analytical beam mode solutions of a generalised beam theory. The end cross-sections of the beam elements consist of wall elements with displacement degrees of freedom that can be joined to conventional finite shell element models of the joints. However, before joining the beam element and joint model at the interface, both beam and joint model are transformed into cross-section displacement mode degrees of freedom. This transformation enables the use of a reduced mode space at the interface as well as in the beam. The quadratic nature of the beam mode equations of the beam element leads to a non-unique number of beam displacement modes. However, this paper introduces an exact mode selection technique that leads to a unique set of modes. Necessary details of the beam element formulation are included in order to make a self-contained description of the mode selection technique. Mode reduction through a length scale dependent choice of the number of exponentially decaying distortional modes is investigated and discussed for three types of joint design in four examples. The three joint design types investigated are based on in-plane membrane action, flexural out-of-plane action and a combination of both membrane and flexural action.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108798
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Interface mode reduction
  • Joint modelling
  • Steel frames
  • Thin-walled structures


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