Segmented generators where the p- or n-type legs are formed by joining materials in series enables each material to operate in their most efficient temperature range. Here, we have fabricated and characterized segmented thermoelectric p- and n-type legs based on bismuth tellurides and half-Heusler alloys p-type Hf0.5Zr0.5CoSn0.2Sb0.8 and n-type Ti0.6Hf0.4NiSn. A two-step process was introduced to join the half-Heusler to the bismuth tellurides to form a segmented structure which was then characterized for its thermoelectric and structural properties. The output power generation was characterized under various hot side temperatures up to 873 K with the cold side fixed at 323 K. The stability of the joints was also investigated under heat treatment and thermal cycling. Under working temperatures from 323 K to 873 K, the obtained p-type segmented legs could deliver a power density of 0.3 W cmâˆ’2 and maximum voltage of 115 mV. With the same condition, the power density and the maximum voltage generated by n-type segmented leg were 0.25 W cmâˆ’2 and 102 mV. The area-specific contact resistances of the p- and n-type legs were 50 Î¼Î© cm2 and 35 Î¼Î© cm2, respectively. The output performance of each leg was âˆ¼ 95% after 6 cycles from 323 K to 873 K.
- Segmented thermoelectric generator
- Thermoelectric joining
- Bismuth telluride