Isolation of Fucoxanthin from Brown Algae and Its Antioxidant Activity: In Vitro and 5% Fish Oil-In-Water Emulsion

Sabeena Farvin Koduvayur Habeebullah*, Alagarsamy Surendraraj, Charlotte Jacobsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Fucoxanthin, a nonprovitamin A carotenoid, is a yellowish‐brown pigment found abundantly in brown algae. Along with chlorophyll a, it is bound to proteins and acts as a light‐harvesting and a light‐transferring pigment. The occurrence of carotenoids and chlorophylls in photosynthetic tissues complicates the isolation of pure fucoxanthin. The present study deals with a method for the isolation of fucoxanthin by low‐temperature crystallization and testing its antioxidant activity both in in vitro assays and in 5% oil‐in‐water emulsion. The yield of fucoxanthin obtained with this method ranged from 0.1% to 0.5% of dried algae depending on the species. Fucoxanthin showed good α,α‐diphenyl‐β‐picrylhydrazyl radical‐scavenging and iron‐chelating properties. However, it showed low reducing power and was poor in the inhibition of lipid oxidation in a liposome model system. When tested in 5% fish oil‐in‐water emulsion with iron as an oxidation inducer, fucoxanthin showed antioxidant activity by resulting in low levels of volatile oxidation products and low tocopherol loss compared to control and butylated hydroxytoluene.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Volume95
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)835-843
ISSN0003-021X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Fucoxanthin
  • Antioxidant
  • Radical scavenger
  • Iron chelation
  • Oil-in-water emulsion

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