Isolation and Characterization of the Oil Bodies and Oleosin of Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.)

Abigail Joy D. Rodelas, Ellen S. Regalado, Dennis Bela-Ong, Roberta N. Garcia, Antonio C. Laurena, Evelyn Mae Tecson Mendoza

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Oil bodies were isolated from the solid endosperm of 11–12 month old coconut and purified by sucrosedensity gradient washing, urea washing and floatation centrifugation. Under light microscope, purifiedoil bodies showed two types of small and large oil bodies: about 90% with diameter of 0.5–4.0 μ μ m and10%, 10–40 μm, respectively. The oil bodies consisted of 97% triacylglycerols, phospholipids(phosphatidylethanoloamine and phosphatidylcholine) and the oil body storage protein oleosin. Puri-fied oleosin showed one band of 14400 on SDS-PAGE. Two-dimensional electrophoresis resolved oneband of 14400 with an isoelectric pH between 9 and 10. The 14400 band had an N-terminal amino acidsequence of GEERR or GEEER. Additional urea washings of the coconut oil bodies followed by etherdelipidation revealed two oleosin bands of 14400 and 11000 Mr on SDS-PAGE.
Keyword: Oil body storage protein,Oleosin,Cocos nucifera,Oil body,Coconut
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Philippine Agricultural Scientist
Volume91
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)389-394
ISSN0031-7454
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

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