Isogeometric shape optimization of photonic crystals via Coons patches

Xiaoping Qian, Ole Sigmund

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


In this paper, we present an approach that extends isogeometric shape optimization from optimization of rectangular-like NURBS patches to the optimization of topologically complex geometries. We have successfully applied this approach in designing photonic crystals where complex geometries have been optimized to maximize the band gaps.Salient features of this approach include the following: (1) multi-patch Coons representation of design geometry. The design geometry is represented as a collection of Coons patches where the four boundaries of each patch are represented as NURBS curves. The use of multiple patches is motivated by the need for representing topologically complex geometries. The Coons patches are used as a design representation so that designers do not need to specify interior control points and they provide a mechanism to compute analytical sensitivities for internal nodes in shape optimization, (2) exact boundary conversion to the analysis geometry with guaranteed mesh injectivity. The analysis geometry is a collection of NURBS patches that are converted from the multi-patch Coons representation with geometric exactness in patch boundaries. The internal NURBS control points are embedded in the parametric domain of the Coons patches with a built-in mesh rectifier to ensure the injectivity of the resulting B-spline geometry, i.e. every point in the physical domain is mapped to one point in the parametric domain, (3) analytical sensitivities. Sensitivities of objective functions and constraints with respect to design variables are derived through nodal sensitivities. The nodal sensitivities for the boundary control points are directly determined by the design parameters and those for internal nodes are obtained via the corresponding Coons patches.
Original languageEnglish
JournalComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Issue number25-28
Pages (from-to)2237-2255
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Shape optimal design
  • Photonic crystals
  • Isogeometric analysis
  • Band gap

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