Is there any interaction between domestic radon exposure and air pollution from traffic in relation to childhood leukemia risk?

E.V. Bräuner, Claus Erik Andersen, H.P. Andersen, P. Gravesen, M. Lind, K. Ulbak, O. Hertel, J. Schütz, O. Raaschou-Nielsen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: In a recent population-based case-control study using 2,400 cases of childhood cancer, we found a statistically significant association between residential radon and acute lymphoblastic leukemia risk. Hypothesis: Traffic exhaust in the air enhances the risk association between radon and childhood leukemia. Methods: We included 985 cases of childhood leukemia and 1,969 control children. We used validated models to calculate residential radon and street NOx concentrations for each home. Conditional logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the effect of radon on childhood leukemia risk within different strata of air pollution and traffic density. Results: The relative risk for childhood leukemia in association with a 103 Bq/m3-years increase in radon was 1.77 (1.11, 2.82) among those exposed to high levels of NOx and 1.23 (0.79, 1.91) for those exposed to low levels of NOx (pinteraction, 0.17). Analyses for different morphological subtypes of leukemia and within different strata of traffic density showed a non-significant pattern of stronger associations between radon and childhood leukemia within strata of higher traffic density at the street address. Interpretation: Air pollution from traffic may enhance the effect of radon on the risk of childhood leukemia. The observed tendency may also be attributed to chance. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalCancer Causes & Control
    Volume21
    Issue number11
    Pages (from-to)1961-1964
    ISSN0957-5243
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • Radiation research and nuclear technologies
    • Radiation physics

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