Is the osmorespiratory compromise limiting invasive species?

Patricia Gomes Ferreira, Hugo Flavio, Harry Hacking, Janet Genz, Jonathan Mark Wilson, Jane Behrens, Jon Christian Svendsen

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearch

Abstract

The round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) is a benthic fish native to the brackish waters of the Black and Caspian Seas; however, it has invaded several brackish and freshwater areas in North America and northern Europe. Notably, there are no records of N. melanostomus in high salinity marine habitats
and the physiological mechanisms potentially constraining the invasion into this environment are largely unknown. The gills play major roles in gas exchange and ionic regulation and it has been hypothesized that an osmorespiratory
compromise impacts performance of each process. The tradeoff of the large gill exchange capacity ideal for gas exchange is greater passive ion fluxes. High ionic waters would result in greater passive ion uptake that would require greater active ion excretion. This osmoregulatory disturbance may interfere
with fish invasion by disrupting the regular activity of the gills, thus modifying the usual physiological mechanisms. To examine if the osmorespiratory compromise could constrain the invasion of N.melanostomus into high salinity environments, this study compared Na+/K+ A TPase a ctivity o f m etabolic
phenotypes exposed to 0, 15 and 30 ppt water). Additionally, we examined variation in two important MO2 measures, standard metabolic rate (SMR) and maximum metabolic rate (MMR) when N. melanostomus is exposed to increasing water salinities. Fish with an initially higher MMR (at the control salinity - 0ppt) are likely to be more challenged by environmental stressors than fish with a
lower MMR.Our results will enable a better understanding of the physiological mechanisms that may constrain invasive species in the aquatic environment
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventAnnual Meeting, Society for Experimental Biology - Gothenburg, Sweden
Duration: 3 Jul 20176 Jul 2017

Conference

ConferenceAnnual Meeting, Society for Experimental Biology
CountrySweden
CityGothenburg
Period03/07/201706/07/2017

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