We reconsider the nature and formal properties of the class inclusion relation, IS-A, from the point of view of information modeling and engineering of formal ontologies. In particular we review approaches to the elusive notion of intensionality. We then conduct an analysis adopting a metalogic setup where classes and properties are reified. This approach affords choices along the extensionality/intensionality spectrum. Our analysis concludes that the distinction between epistemic modes for distinguishing definitions, norms, hypotheses, and observational evidence is more important the extensionality/intensionality dichotomy in ontological engineering.
|Title of host publication||Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XXV|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|Series||Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications|