Planck intermediate results - LIV. The Planck multi-frequency catalogue of non-thermal sources

Planck Collaboration, Y. Akrami, F. Argüeso, M. Ashdown, J. Aumont, C. Baccigalupi, M. Ballardini, A. J. Banday, R. B. Barreiro, N. Bartolo, S. Basak, K. Benabed, J.-P. Bernard, M. Bersanelli, P. Bielewicz, L. Bonavera, J. R. Bond, J. Borrill, F. R. Bouchet, C. BuriganaR. C. Butler, E. Calabrese, J. Carron, H. C. Chiang, C. Combet, B. P. Crill, F. Cuttaia, P. de Bernardis, A. de Rosa, G. de Zotti, J. Delabrouille, J.-M. Delouis, E. Di Valentino, C. Dickinson, J. M. Diego, A. Ducout, X. Dupac, G. Efstathiou, F. Elsner, T. A. Enßlin, H. K. Eriksen, Y. Fantaye, F. Finelli, M. Frailis, A. A. Fraisse, F. K. Hansen, J. Kim, Y.-Z. Ma, P. G. Martin, C. A. Oxborrow

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Abstract

This paper presents the Planck Multi-frequency Catalogue of Non-thermal (i.e. synchrotron-dominated) Sources (PCNT) observed between 30 and 857 GHz by the ESA Planck mission. This catalogue was constructed by selecting objects detected in the full mission all-sky temperature maps at 30 and 143 GHz, with a signal-to-noise ratio (S/N)> 3 in at least one of the two channels after filtering with a particular Mexican hat wavelet. As a result, 29 400 source candidates were selected. Then, a multi-frequency analysis was performed using the Matrix Filters methodology at the position of these objects, and flux densities and errors were calculated for all of them in the nine Planck channels. This catalogue was built using a different methodology than the one adopted for the Planck Catalogue of Compact Sources (PCCS) and the Second Planck Catalogue of Compact Sources (PCCS2), although the initial detection was done with the same pipeline that was used to produce them. The present catalogue is the first unbiased, full-sky catalogue of synchrotron-dominated sources published at millimetre and submillimetre wavelengths and constitutes a powerful database for statistical studies of non-thermal extragalactic sources, whose emission is dominated by the central active galactic nucleus. Together with the full multi-frequency catalogue, we also define the Bright Planck Multi-frequency Catalogue of Non-thermal Sources (PCNTb), where only those objects with a S/N >  4 at both 30 and 143 GHz were selected. In this catalogue 1146 compact sources are detected outside the adopted Planck GAL070 mask; thus, these sources constitute a highly reliable sample of extragalactic radio sources. We also flag the high-significance subsample (PCNThs), a subset of 151 sources that are detected with S/N >  4 in all nine Planck channels, 75 of which are found outside the Planck mask adopted here. The remaining 76 sources inside the Galactic mask are very likely Galactic objects.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA94
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Volume619
Number of pages22
ISSN0004-6361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

For full author list, see: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201832888

Keywords

  • Catalogs
  • Cosmology: observations
  • Radio continuum: general
  • Submillimeter: general

Cite this

Collaboration, Planck ; Akrami, Y. ; Argüeso, F. ; Ashdown, M. ; Aumont, J. ; Baccigalupi, C. ; Ballardini, M. ; Banday, A. J. ; Barreiro, R. B. ; Bartolo, N. ; Basak, S. ; Benabed, K. ; Bernard, J.-P. ; Bersanelli, M. ; Bielewicz, P. ; Bonavera, L. ; Bond, J. R. ; Borrill, J. ; Bouchet, F. R. ; Burigana, C. ; Butler, R. C. ; Calabrese, E. ; Carron, J. ; Chiang, H. C. ; Combet, C. ; Crill, B. P. ; Cuttaia, F. ; de Bernardis, P. ; de Rosa, A. ; de Zotti, G. ; Delabrouille, J. ; Delouis, J.-M. ; Di Valentino, E. ; Dickinson, C. ; Diego, J. M. ; Ducout, A. ; Dupac, X. ; Efstathiou, G. ; Elsner, F. ; Enßlin, T. A. ; Eriksen, H. K. ; Fantaye, Y. ; Finelli, F. ; Frailis, M. ; Fraisse, A. A. ; Hansen, F. K. ; Kim, J. ; Ma, Y.-Z. ; Martin, P. G. ; Oxborrow, C. A. / Planck intermediate results - LIV. The Planck multi-frequency catalogue of non-thermal sources. In: Astronomy & Astrophysics. 2018 ; Vol. 619.
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title = "Planck intermediate results - LIV. The Planck multi-frequency catalogue of non-thermal sources",
abstract = "This paper presents the Planck Multi-frequency Catalogue of Non-thermal (i.e. synchrotron-dominated) Sources (PCNT) observed between 30 and 857 GHz by the ESA Planck mission. This catalogue was constructed by selecting objects detected in the full mission all-sky temperature maps at 30 and 143 GHz, with a signal-to-noise ratio (S/N)> 3 in at least one of the two channels after filtering with a particular Mexican hat wavelet. As a result, 29 400 source candidates were selected. Then, a multi-frequency analysis was performed using the Matrix Filters methodology at the position of these objects, and flux densities and errors were calculated for all of them in the nine Planck channels. This catalogue was built using a different methodology than the one adopted for the Planck Catalogue of Compact Sources (PCCS) and the Second Planck Catalogue of Compact Sources (PCCS2), although the initial detection was done with the same pipeline that was used to produce them. The present catalogue is the first unbiased, full-sky catalogue of synchrotron-dominated sources published at millimetre and submillimetre wavelengths and constitutes a powerful database for statistical studies of non-thermal extragalactic sources, whose emission is dominated by the central active galactic nucleus. Together with the full multi-frequency catalogue, we also define the Bright Planck Multi-frequency Catalogue of Non-thermal Sources (PCNTb), where only those objects with a S/N >  4 at both 30 and 143 GHz were selected. In this catalogue 1146 compact sources are detected outside the adopted Planck GAL070 mask; thus, these sources constitute a highly reliable sample of extragalactic radio sources. We also flag the high-significance subsample (PCNThs), a subset of 151 sources that are detected with S/N >  4 in all nine Planck channels, 75 of which are found outside the Planck mask adopted here. The remaining 76 sources inside the Galactic mask are very likely Galactic objects.",
keywords = "Catalogs, Cosmology: observations, Radio continuum: general, Submillimeter: general",
author = "Planck Collaboration and Y. Akrami and F. Arg{\"u}eso and M. Ashdown and J. Aumont and C. Baccigalupi and M. Ballardini and Banday, {A. J.} and Barreiro, {R. B.} and N. Bartolo and S. Basak and K. Benabed and J.-P. Bernard and M. Bersanelli and P. Bielewicz and L. Bonavera and Bond, {J. R.} and J. Borrill and Bouchet, {F. R.} and C. Burigana and Butler, {R. C.} and E. Calabrese and J. Carron and Chiang, {H. C.} and C. Combet and Crill, {B. P.} and F. Cuttaia and {de Bernardis}, P. and {de Rosa}, A. and {de Zotti}, G. and J. Delabrouille and J.-M. Delouis and {Di Valentino}, E. and C. Dickinson and Diego, {J. M.} and A. Ducout and X. Dupac and G. Efstathiou and F. Elsner and En{\ss}lin, {T. A.} and Eriksen, {H. K.} and Y. Fantaye and F. Finelli and M. Frailis and Fraisse, {A. A.} and Hansen, {F. K.} and J. Kim and Y.-Z. Ma and Martin, {P. G.} and Oxborrow, {C. A.}",
note = "For full author list, see: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201832888",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1051/0004-6361/201832888",
language = "English",
volume = "619",
journal = "Astronomy & Astrophysics",
issn = "0004-6361",
publisher = "E D P Sciences",

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Collaboration, P, Akrami, Y, Argüeso, F, Ashdown, M, Aumont, J, Baccigalupi, C, Ballardini, M, Banday, AJ, Barreiro, RB, Bartolo, N, Basak, S, Benabed, K, Bernard, J-P, Bersanelli, M, Bielewicz, P, Bonavera, L, Bond, JR, Borrill, J, Bouchet, FR, Burigana, C, Butler, RC, Calabrese, E, Carron, J, Chiang, HC, Combet, C, Crill, BP, Cuttaia, F, de Bernardis, P, de Rosa, A, de Zotti, G, Delabrouille, J, Delouis, J-M, Di Valentino, E, Dickinson, C, Diego, JM, Ducout, A, Dupac, X, Efstathiou, G, Elsner, F, Enßlin, TA, Eriksen, HK, Fantaye, Y, Finelli, F, Frailis, M, Fraisse, AA, Hansen, FK, Kim, J, Ma, Y-Z, Martin, PG & Oxborrow, CA 2018, 'Planck intermediate results - LIV. The Planck multi-frequency catalogue of non-thermal sources', Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol. 619, A94. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201832888

Planck intermediate results - LIV. The Planck multi-frequency catalogue of non-thermal sources. / Collaboration, Planck; Akrami, Y.; Argüeso, F.; Ashdown, M.; Aumont, J.; Baccigalupi, C.; Ballardini, M.; Banday, A. J.; Barreiro, R. B.; Bartolo, N.; Basak, S.; Benabed, K.; Bernard, J.-P.; Bersanelli, M.; Bielewicz, P.; Bonavera, L.; Bond, J. R.; Borrill, J.; Bouchet, F. R.; Burigana, C.; Butler, R. C.; Calabrese, E.; Carron, J.; Chiang, H. C.; Combet, C.; Crill, B. P.; Cuttaia, F.; de Bernardis, P.; de Rosa, A.; de Zotti, G.; Delabrouille, J.; Delouis, J.-M.; Di Valentino, E.; Dickinson, C.; Diego, J. M.; Ducout, A.; Dupac, X.; Efstathiou, G.; Elsner, F.; Enßlin, T. A.; Eriksen, H. K.; Fantaye, Y.; Finelli, F.; Frailis, M.; Fraisse, A. A.; Hansen, F. K.; Kim, J.; Ma, Y.-Z.; Martin, P. G.; Oxborrow, C. A.

In: Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol. 619, A94, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Planck intermediate results - LIV. The Planck multi-frequency catalogue of non-thermal sources

AU - Collaboration, Planck

AU - Akrami, Y.

AU - Argüeso, F.

AU - Ashdown, M.

AU - Aumont, J.

AU - Baccigalupi, C.

AU - Ballardini, M.

AU - Banday, A. J.

AU - Barreiro, R. B.

AU - Bartolo, N.

AU - Basak, S.

AU - Benabed, K.

AU - Bernard, J.-P.

AU - Bersanelli, M.

AU - Bielewicz, P.

AU - Bonavera, L.

AU - Bond, J. R.

AU - Borrill, J.

AU - Bouchet, F. R.

AU - Burigana, C.

AU - Butler, R. C.

AU - Calabrese, E.

AU - Carron, J.

AU - Chiang, H. C.

AU - Combet, C.

AU - Crill, B. P.

AU - Cuttaia, F.

AU - de Bernardis, P.

AU - de Rosa, A.

AU - de Zotti, G.

AU - Delabrouille, J.

AU - Delouis, J.-M.

AU - Di Valentino, E.

AU - Dickinson, C.

AU - Diego, J. M.

AU - Ducout, A.

AU - Dupac, X.

AU - Efstathiou, G.

AU - Elsner, F.

AU - Enßlin, T. A.

AU - Eriksen, H. K.

AU - Fantaye, Y.

AU - Finelli, F.

AU - Frailis, M.

AU - Fraisse, A. A.

AU - Hansen, F. K.

AU - Kim, J.

AU - Ma, Y.-Z.

AU - Martin, P. G.

AU - Oxborrow, C. A.

N1 - For full author list, see: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201832888

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - This paper presents the Planck Multi-frequency Catalogue of Non-thermal (i.e. synchrotron-dominated) Sources (PCNT) observed between 30 and 857 GHz by the ESA Planck mission. This catalogue was constructed by selecting objects detected in the full mission all-sky temperature maps at 30 and 143 GHz, with a signal-to-noise ratio (S/N)> 3 in at least one of the two channels after filtering with a particular Mexican hat wavelet. As a result, 29 400 source candidates were selected. Then, a multi-frequency analysis was performed using the Matrix Filters methodology at the position of these objects, and flux densities and errors were calculated for all of them in the nine Planck channels. This catalogue was built using a different methodology than the one adopted for the Planck Catalogue of Compact Sources (PCCS) and the Second Planck Catalogue of Compact Sources (PCCS2), although the initial detection was done with the same pipeline that was used to produce them. The present catalogue is the first unbiased, full-sky catalogue of synchrotron-dominated sources published at millimetre and submillimetre wavelengths and constitutes a powerful database for statistical studies of non-thermal extragalactic sources, whose emission is dominated by the central active galactic nucleus. Together with the full multi-frequency catalogue, we also define the Bright Planck Multi-frequency Catalogue of Non-thermal Sources (PCNTb), where only those objects with a S/N >  4 at both 30 and 143 GHz were selected. In this catalogue 1146 compact sources are detected outside the adopted Planck GAL070 mask; thus, these sources constitute a highly reliable sample of extragalactic radio sources. We also flag the high-significance subsample (PCNThs), a subset of 151 sources that are detected with S/N >  4 in all nine Planck channels, 75 of which are found outside the Planck mask adopted here. The remaining 76 sources inside the Galactic mask are very likely Galactic objects.

AB - This paper presents the Planck Multi-frequency Catalogue of Non-thermal (i.e. synchrotron-dominated) Sources (PCNT) observed between 30 and 857 GHz by the ESA Planck mission. This catalogue was constructed by selecting objects detected in the full mission all-sky temperature maps at 30 and 143 GHz, with a signal-to-noise ratio (S/N)> 3 in at least one of the two channels after filtering with a particular Mexican hat wavelet. As a result, 29 400 source candidates were selected. Then, a multi-frequency analysis was performed using the Matrix Filters methodology at the position of these objects, and flux densities and errors were calculated for all of them in the nine Planck channels. This catalogue was built using a different methodology than the one adopted for the Planck Catalogue of Compact Sources (PCCS) and the Second Planck Catalogue of Compact Sources (PCCS2), although the initial detection was done with the same pipeline that was used to produce them. The present catalogue is the first unbiased, full-sky catalogue of synchrotron-dominated sources published at millimetre and submillimetre wavelengths and constitutes a powerful database for statistical studies of non-thermal extragalactic sources, whose emission is dominated by the central active galactic nucleus. Together with the full multi-frequency catalogue, we also define the Bright Planck Multi-frequency Catalogue of Non-thermal Sources (PCNTb), where only those objects with a S/N >  4 at both 30 and 143 GHz were selected. In this catalogue 1146 compact sources are detected outside the adopted Planck GAL070 mask; thus, these sources constitute a highly reliable sample of extragalactic radio sources. We also flag the high-significance subsample (PCNThs), a subset of 151 sources that are detected with S/N >  4 in all nine Planck channels, 75 of which are found outside the Planck mask adopted here. The remaining 76 sources inside the Galactic mask are very likely Galactic objects.

KW - Catalogs

KW - Cosmology: observations

KW - Radio continuum: general

KW - Submillimeter: general

U2 - 10.1051/0004-6361/201832888

DO - 10.1051/0004-6361/201832888

M3 - Journal article

VL - 619

JO - Astronomy & Astrophysics

JF - Astronomy & Astrophysics

SN - 0004-6361

M1 - A94

ER -