Phaeobacter inhibens as biocontrol agent against Vibrio vulnificus in oyster models

Cisse Hedegaard Porsby, Lone Gram

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Molluscan shellfish can cause food borne diseases and here we investigated if addition of Vibrio-antagonising bacteria could reduce Vibrio vulnificus in model oyster systems and prevent its establishment in live animals. Phaeobacter inhibens, which produces an antibacterial compound, tropodithietic acid (TDA), inhibited V. vulnificus as did pure TDA (MIC of 1-3.9 μM). P. inhibens DSM 17395 (at 106 cfu/ml) eradicated 105 cfu/ml V. vulnificus CMCP6 (a rifampicin resistant variant) from a co-culture oyster model system (oyster juice) whereas the pathogen grew to 107 cfu/ml when co-cultured with a TDA negative Phaeobacter mutant. P. inhibens grew well in oyster juice to 108 CFU/ml and sterile filtered samples from these cultures were inhibitory to Vibrio spp. P. inhibens established itself in live European flat oysters (Ostrea edulis) and remained at 105 cfu/g for five days. However, the presence of P. inhibens could not prevent subsequently added V. vulnificus from entering the live animals, likely because of too low levels of the biocontrol strain. Whilst the oyster model studies provided indication that P. inhibens DSM 17395 could be a good candidate as biocontrol agent against V. vulnificus further optimization is need in the actual animal rearing situation.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalFood Microbiology
    Volume57
    Pages (from-to)63-70
    Number of pages8
    ISSN0740-0020
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Keywords

    • Depuration
    • Ostrea edulis
    • Oysters
    • Phaeobacter inhibens
    • Tropodithietic acid
    • Vibrio vulnificus

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