Ionic Liquid Design and Process Simulation for Decarbonization of Shale Gas

Xinyan Liu, Ying Huang, Yongsheng Zhao, Rafiqul Gani, Xiangping Zhang, Suojiang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Ionic liquids (Ms) have been receiving increasing attention as a potential decarbonization solvent. However, the enormous number of potential ILs that can be synthesized makes it a challenging task to search for the best IL for CO2 removal from methane. In this work, a method was proposed to screen suitable ILs based on the COSMO-RS (conductor-like screening model for real solvents) model, an absorption mechanism, and experimental data. Besides the Henry's constant, the viscosity and toxicity of ILs should also be taken into consideration for an industrial decarbonization process. Furthermore, process simulation was performed to evaluate the new IL-based decarbonization technology. Considering CO2 solubility, CO2/CH4 selectivity and toxicity and viscosity of ILs, [bmim][NTf2] has been screened to be the potential solvent among 90 classes of ILs. Based on reliable experimental data, a rigorous thermodynamic model was established. The simulation results have been found to agree well with the available experimental results. Two process flow sheet options, use of two single-stage flash operations or a multistage flash operation following the absorber, have been simulated and assessed. Compared with the well-known MDEA (methyldiethanolamine) process for CO2 capture, the single-stage and multistage process alternatives would reduce the total energy consumption by 42.8% and 66.04%, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume55
Issue number20
Pages (from-to)5931-5944
ISSN0888-5885
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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