Eleven serotypes (1, 2, 5-9, 12-14 and 16) have been demonstrated within Mannheimia haemolytica. Subsequent serotyping of 166 Mannheimia haemolytica-like strains, genetically and phenotyphically distinct from Mannheimia haemolytica, and isolated from ruminants, pigs, hares and rabbits showed that 13.2% were typeable, 19 of which were serotype 11 representing strains now being classified as M. glucosida. In addition, three strains belonged to serotypes 6, 9 and 16, respectively. Additionally, the serotyping results of 98 (P.) haemolytica-like isolates from non-ruminant sources collected by the UK Veterinary Investigation Centres during the period 1982-1996 were investigated. None of these isolates have been kept, making further genetic characterization impossible. Among these isolates, 25.5% were typeable representing serotypes 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, 13 and 15. Substantial evidence has been reported indicating that M. haemolytica-like isolates from non-ruminant sources represent species different from M. haemolytica. The present investigation underlines that serotyping does not represent a reliable method for the identification of M. haemolytica or M. glucosida. These observations emphasize that extended phenotypic and genetic characterization is necessary for the proper identification of these organisms.
- Pasteurella haemolytica
- Mannheimia haemolytica