Investigation of Tooling for Anisotropic Optical Functional Surfaces

Dongya Li, Francesco Regi, Yang Zhang, M. H. Madsen, Jannik Boll Nielsen, Guido Tosello

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This paper studied steel inserts with anisotropic surfaces for injection moulding. The inserts surfaces were machined by a five-axis micro-milling machine and the surface structures will be replicated by injection moulding. The aim of the surface structuring is to maximize visible contrast between horizontally orthogonal textured surfaces from a certain viewing angle, of both the insert and the polymer replicas. The contrast is defined by the difference of the reflectance between two areas with horizontally orthogonal textures under a certainly fixed light source. The brightness of the surface is assessed by processing the images obtained from a digital microscope Hirox RH-2000 [1]. Figure 1 illustrates the studied surface structure and the microscope. The optical axis of microscope can be tilted within 90 degrees from the horizontal level, which simulates the viewing angle; the analysed surface texture can be rotated horizontally by the adjusting the stage so only one surface was used to achieve orthogonal textures and images at different rotation angle can be captured. Via image processing tool, the reflectance (brightness of the obtained images) will be analysed and therefore the contrast can be calculated.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2017
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event16th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces (Met&Props 2017) - Gothenburg, Sweden
Duration: 27 Jun 201729 Jun 2017


Conference16th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces (Met&Props 2017)


  • Anisotropic surface
  • Surface characterization
  • Digital microscope
  • Design of experiment
  • Milling process optimization
  • Tool wear

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