Investigation of thermally induced anion disorder in fluorites using neutron scattering techniques

M T Hutchings, Kurt Nørgaard Clausen, M H Dickens, W Hayes, Jørgen Kjems, P G Schnabel, C Smith

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Some materials with the fluorite structures show a pronounced specific heat anomaly well below their melting temperature. This anomaly is a consequence of lattice disorder and is associated with the onset of fast-ion conduction. This paper presents the results of a series of experiments in which the coherent diffuse quasielastic neutron scattering from single crystals of three such fluorite compounds PbF2, SrCl2 and CaF2, was investigated. The diffuse scattering intensity, and its energy width, increases with temperature into the fast-ion phase, and when integrated over energy transfer the intensity exhibits a characteristic variation with scattering vector, falling on an anisotropic shell in reciprocal space and peaking in certain directions. The diffuse intensity indicates that dynamic correlations exist between the defective anions in the fast-ion-phase. A model of short-lived clusters comprising anion Frenkel interstitials, anion vacancies and relaxed anions has been developed which satisfactorily accounts for the distribution of intensity.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Physics C: Solid State Physics
    Volume17
    Issue number22
    Pages (from-to)3903-3940
    ISSN0022-3719
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1984

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