Investigation of the influence of operation conditions on the discharge of PCM ceiling panels

Jose Quesada Allerhand, Ongun Berk Kazanci, Bjarne W. Olesen

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    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to determine favorable operation conditions for ceiling panels containing phase change materials (PCM) for cooling applications in office rooms. A recently renovated room in the Technical University of Denmark was used to have realistic boundary conditions. Using TRNSYS 17, the performance of the PCM panels during the cooling season in passive operation, discharge by air, and discharge by water circulation were investigated. A set of simulations were performed during a representative week in the cooling period. The room was simulated with no climatic systems, PCM without active discharge, ventilation during occupied hours only, and PCM with ventilation during occupied hours. Afterwards, two discharge methods were investigated, night ventilation at different flow rates and water circulation in pipes embedded in the panels. A parametric analysis was performed to identify the influence of operation factors in the thermal environment of the room. The parameters studied were the water flow rate, supply water temperature and circulation schedule as well as the conductivity of the PCM. After selecting different operating conditions of the water discharge, simulations were performed from May to October to observe the performance of the selected operation conditions. The results show that the PCM is more effective to provide adequate indoor thermal conditions if it is discharged actively by means of water. The parameters that affect the thermal indoor environment the most are the water circulation schedule, the water supply temperature, and the PCM thermal conductivity. The water flow rate did not have a significant influence. The study shows the importance of selecting an appropriate operation and control strategy for the PCM system. The process used in the study can be potentially used as a procedure for the design of similar climatic systems to determine if active discharge of the PCM is needed and if yes, which discharge method is needed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number03021
    JournalE3S Web of Conferences
    Volume111
    Number of pages7
    ISSN2267-1242
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    EventClima 2019: 13th REHVA World Congress - Bucharest, Romania
    Duration: 26 May 201929 May 2019
    Conference number: 13

    Conference

    ConferenceClima 2019: 13th REHVA World Congress
    Number13
    Country/TerritoryRomania
    CityBucharest
    Period26/05/201929/05/2019

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