Investigation of the effects of time periodic pressure and potential gradients on viscoelastic fluid flow in circular narrow confinements

Trieu Nguyen, Devaraj van der Meer, Albert van den Berg, Jan C. T. Eijkel

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Abstract

In this paper we present an in-depth analysis and analytical solution for time periodic hydrodynamic flow (driven by a time-dependent pressure gradient and electric field) of viscoelastic fluid through cylindrical micro-and nanochannels. Particularly, we solve the linearized Poisson-Boltzmann equation, together with the incompressible Cauchy momentum equation under no-slip boundary conditions for viscoelastic fluid in the case of a combination of time periodic pressure-driven and electro-osmotic flow. The resulting solutions allow us to predict the electrical current and solution flow rate. As expected from the assumption of linear viscoelasticity, the results satisfy the Onsager reciprocal relation, which is important since it enables an analogy between fluidic networks in this flow configuration and electric circuits. The results especially are of interest for micro-and nanofluidic energy conversion applications. We also found that time periodic electro-osmotic flow in many cases is much stronger enhanced than time periodic pressure-driven flow when comparing the flow profiles of oscillating PDF and EOF in micro-and nanochannels. The findings advance our understanding of time periodic electrokinetic phenomena of viscoelastic fluids and provide insight into flow characteristic as well as assist the design of devices for lab-on-chip applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number37
JournalMicrofluidics and Nanofluidics
Volume21
Issue number3
Number of pages12
ISSN1613-4982
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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