Investigation of the effect of UV-LED exposure conditions on the production of vitamin D in pig skin

Line Lundbæk Barnkob, Aikaterini Argyraki, Paul Michael Petersen, Jette Jakobsen

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The dietary intake of vitamin D is currently below the recommended intake of 10-20 µg vitamin D/day. Foods with increased content of vitamin D or new products with enhanced vitamin D are warranted. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are a potential new resource in food production lines. In the present study the exposure conditions with ultraviolet (UV) LEDs were systematically investigated in the wavelength range 280-340 nm for achieving optimal vitamin D bio-fortification in pig skin. A wavelength of 296 nm was found to be optimal for vitamin D3 production. The maximum dose of 20 kJ/m2 produced 3.5-4 µg vitamin D3/cm2 pig skin. Vitamin D3 produced was independent on the combination of time
and intensity of the LED source. The increased UV exposure by UV-LEDs may be readily implemented in existing food production facilities, without major modifications to the process or processing equipment, for bio-fortifying food products containing pork skin.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFood Chemistry
Pages (from-to)386–391
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Vitamin D
  • Bio-fortification
  • Light-Emitting Diodes
  • Ultra violet light


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