Investigation of the crystal structure of a basic bismuth(III) nitrate with the composition [Bi6O4(OH)(4)](0.54(1))[Bi6O5(OH)(3)](0.46(1))(NO3)(5.54(1))

Axel Norlund Christensen, Bente Lebech

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A basic bismuth(III) nitrate with the composition [Bi6O4(OH)(4)](0.5)[Bi6O5(OH)(3)](0.5)(NO3)(5.5) formed in a slow crystal growth mode has an ordered crystal structure with the monoclinic space group P2(1) and lattice parameters a = 15.850(3), b = 14.986(3), c = 18.230(4) angstrom, beta = 107.329(17)degrees and volume V = 4133.6 angstrom(3) (Henry et al. 2003). In a very fast crystal growth mode the complex ions disorder in another P2(1) cell with slightly different lattice parameters a = 15.8404(1), b = 15.1982(1), c = 18.3122(1) angstrom, beta = 106.829(1)degrees and V = 4219.8 angstrom(3). This cell can be related to two smaller cells: a monoclinic C2/m cell with a = 13.7161(1), b = 15.1943(1), c = 10.2399(1) angstrom, beta = 98.586(1)degrees and V = 2110.1 angstrom(3) and a trigonal R (3) over bar cell with a = 15.18650(6), c = 15.8416(1) angstrom (hexagonal setting) and V = 3164.1 angstrom(3). These smaller cells correspond to average structures and hence the X-ray data do not account for the difference in the structures of the two different complex ions. However, when analysing neutron powder diffraction data, it is possible to distinguish between the two complex ions using a trigonal R (3) over bar cell with a = 15.1865(1) and c = 15.8416(1) angstrom (hexagonal setting). In a Rietveld type structure model refinement with a total of 28 atom sites (4 Bi, 3 N, 15 O and 6 H), the composition of this sample is determined to be [Bi6O4(OH)(4)](0.54(1))[Bi6O5(OH)(3)](0.46(1))(NO3)(5.54(1)).
Original languageEnglish
JournalDalton Transactions (Print Edition)
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)1971-1980
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Chemistry
  • Powder diffraction


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