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This paper aims to study the core losses behavior at high frequency (MHz range) with superimposed DC bias in ferrite. Inductive compensation method is employed in the measurement circuit to reduce sensitivity to phase errors. An addition to the circuit is proposed in this work to make easier DC bias generation. Furthermore, a detailed measurement accuracy consideration is also discussed. The tested MnZn ferrite has a nominal relative permeability of 1500 and 800, which was tested at frequency from 500 kHz to 3 MHz. The measurement results are explained thoroughly with three controlling parameters: excitation frequency, peak AC flux density, and DC bias. There are several important findings. First, a higher DC bias creates higher losses at the same frequency and AC flux density. Secondly, at the same DC bias and AC flux density, higher frequency generates a lower relative losses increase. This second point has not been seen in previous literature and is elaborated more in Section III.B. Thirdly, the measurement result shows how DC bias increases the hysteresis loop area and coercivity. The first and third findings confirm the the existing literature findings. As a final step, an improved Steinmetz Premagnetization Graph and Artificial Neural Network are used to create core loss prediction model. The measurement data and the built model can be accessed online for use by other magnetics designer.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)7444 - 7458
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • DC bias
  • Core losses
  • Core losses measurement
  • Core losses modeling
  • High frequency


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