Investigation and analysis of laser beam machining

Govindan Puthumana, Salmanul Fariz

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The high intensity which can be obtained by focusing the pulsed energy emitted by a LASER can offer potentialas a tool for nearly forceless machining. The method can be used on any material, regardless of thermal properties,which can be evaporated without decomposition, including almost all ceramics and metals. With most substances, almostall of the material removed by LASER machining leaves in the liquid state. Only a small fraction is vaporized, and the highrate of the vaporization exerts forces which expel the liquid metal. All features of LASER beam machining improve with increased intensity. The higher the intensity, the less heat is resonant in the uncut material, an important consideration with materials which are sensitive to heat shock, and the more efficient the process is in terms of volume of material removed per unit of energy. The intensities which are available with the LASER are high enough so that the heat affected zone (HAZ) on a cut surface is too small to be detected and there is no solidified liquid film residue on the cut surface.In this paper Laser micromachining of an aluminum film on a glass substrate is investigated using a time-resolved transmission imaging technique with nanosecond resolution.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBEST : International Journal of Management, Information Technology and Engineering
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)87-94
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Aluminium film
  • Laser beam machining (LBM)


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