Investigating effects of different artefact types on motor imagery BCI

Laura Frølich, Irene Winkler, Klaus-Robert Muller, Wojciech Samek

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Abstract

Artefacts in recordings of the electroencephalogram (EEG) are a common problem in Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs). Artefacts make it difficult to calibrate from training sessions, resulting in low test performance, or lead to artificially high performance when unintentionally used for BCI control. We investigate different artefacts' effects on motor-imagery based BCI relying on Common Spatial Patterns (CSP). Data stem from an 80-subject BCI study. We use the recently developed classifier IC_MARC to classify independent components of EEG data into neural and five classes of artefacts. We find that muscle, but not ocular, artefacts adversely affect BCI performance when all 119 EEG channels are used. Artefacts have little influence when using 48 centrally located EEG channels in a configuration previously found to be optimal.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)
Number of pages4
PublisherIEEE
Publication date2015
Pages1942-1945
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
SeriesI E E E Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference Proceedings
ISSN2375-7477

Cite this

Frølich, L., Winkler, I., Muller, K-R., & Samek, W. (2015). Investigating effects of different artefact types on motor imagery BCI. In Proceedings of the 2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC) (pp. 1942-1945). IEEE. I E E E Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2015.7318764