NuSTAR and Swift Observations of the Extragalactic Black Hole X-ray Binaries

Arghajit Jana*, Sachindra Naik, Debjit Chatterjee, Gaurava K Jaisawal

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    We present the results obtained from detailed spectral and timing studies of extra-galactic black hole X-ray binaries LMC X–1 and LMC X–3, using simultaneous observations with Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) and Neil Gehrels Swift observatories. The combined spectra in the 0.5 − 30 keV energy range, obtained between 2014 and 2019, are investigated for both sources. We do not find any noticeable variability in 0.5 − 30 keV light curves, with 0.1 − 10 Hz fractional rms estimated to be <2 per cent. No evidence of quasi-periodic oscillations is found in the power density spectra. The sources are found to be in the high soft state during the observations with disc temperature Tin ∼ 1 keV, photon index, Γ > 2.5 and thermal emission fraction, fdisc > 80 per cent. An Fe Kα emission line is detected in the spectra of LMC X–1, though no such feature is observed in the spectra of LMC X–3. From the spectral modelling, the spins of the black holes in LMC X–1 and LMC X–3 are estimated to be in the range of 0.92 − 0.95 and 0.19 − 0.29, respectively. The accretion efficiency is found to be, η ∼ 0.13 and η ∼ 0.04 for LMC X–1 and LMC X–3, respectively.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Pages (from-to)4779–4787
    Publication statusPublished - 2021


    • X-Rays:binaries
    • Stars: individual: (LMC X-1, LMC X-3),
    • Stars:black holes
    • Accretion
    • Accretion discs


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