Solid waste management as introduced in Chapter 1.1 builds in many ways on engineering. Waste engineering here means the skills and ability to understand quantitatively how a waste management system works in such a detail that waste management can be planned, facilities can be designed and sited and systems can be operated in a way that is environmentally sound, technical feasible, economically efficient and socially acceptable. This applies to all scales of relevance: (1) national surveys of energy use and material flows determining the frame for politically setting goals in waste management, (2) regional plans for waste management, including (3) the selection of main management technologies and siting of facilities, (4) the design of individual technological units and, for example, (5) the operation of recycling schemes within a municipality. This chapter gives an introduction to waste engineering, including issues such as terminology, material flow analysis, mass balances, energy budgets and emission accounts. The concept of unit process inventories is also introduced.
|Title of host publication||Solid Waste Technology and Management|
|Volume||Volume 1. Chapter 1.2|
|Place of Publication||Chichester, West Sussex, UK|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|