Interpretation of centrifuge CPT data in normally consolidated silica and carbonate sands

Barry M. Lehane, Varvara Zania, Shiaohuey H. Chow, Mathias Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This paper presents the results from a systematic investigation into the effects of stress level, penetrometer diameter, penetration depth and relative density on the end resistance (qc) measured in centrifuge-scale cone penetration tests (CPTs) in a variety of normally consolidated siliceous and carbonate sands. Simple empirical formulations are developed that provide a good description of all measurements and that are consistent with expressions developed in calibration chambers and at field scale. The formulations address the significant discrepancies seen between centrifuge and field scale qc profiles and enable development of qc-based correlations for centrifuge tests that are applicable at full scale, as well as providing a means to interpret very shallow CPTs in the field.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)907-916
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Centrifuge modelling
  • CPT
  • Sands


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