International cooperative initiatives and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2018Researchpeer-review

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International cooperative initiatives and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. / Bakhtiari, Fatemeh.

In: Climate Policy, Vol. 18, No. 5, 2018, p. 655-663.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2018Researchpeer-review

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@article{6bc471f793c54eebb8af6bb1fb7ec2f4,
title = "International cooperative initiatives and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change",
abstract = "International cooperative initiatives (ICIs) are multi-country, multi-actor non-state actions that have the potential to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The article summarizes the literature on estimates of emission reduction potentials attributed to ICIs. This summary highlights three key issues: there is a plethora of uncoordinated initiatives, often lacking specific, time-bound goals; to a greater or lesser extent most initiatives overlap with the activities conducted under the aegis of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); and few initiatives have set up transparent performance monitoring and reporting mechanisms. The article concludes with two considerations. Firstly, it advocates for the United Nations Environment Programme as one entity that could bring much-needed coordination among ICIs, and between ICIs and national government-led efforts to mitigate climate change. Secondly, it echoes calls for the initiatives to both adopt transparent monitoring, reporting and verification mechanisms, and ensure that their activities are cost-effective with regard to climate change mitigation. Finally, the article outlines the key issues that will need to be addressed to achieve these goals.Key policy insights•The emission reductions potential of international cooperative initiatives appears to be limited, which would question some of the rational for promoting them.•The extent to which international cooperative initiatives overlap with emission reduction efforts under the UNFCCC is uncertain, but believed to be quite large.•The UNFCCC is arguably ill suited to coordinate and strengthen the accountability of international cooperative initiatives.",
keywords = "Accountability, Climate change mitigation, Governance, International cooperative initiatives",
author = "Fatemeh Bakhtiari",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/14693062.2017.1321522",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "655--663",
journal = "Climate Policy",
issn = "1469-3062",
publisher = "Earthscan Ltd.",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - International cooperative initiatives and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

AU - Bakhtiari, Fatemeh

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - International cooperative initiatives (ICIs) are multi-country, multi-actor non-state actions that have the potential to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The article summarizes the literature on estimates of emission reduction potentials attributed to ICIs. This summary highlights three key issues: there is a plethora of uncoordinated initiatives, often lacking specific, time-bound goals; to a greater or lesser extent most initiatives overlap with the activities conducted under the aegis of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); and few initiatives have set up transparent performance monitoring and reporting mechanisms. The article concludes with two considerations. Firstly, it advocates for the United Nations Environment Programme as one entity that could bring much-needed coordination among ICIs, and between ICIs and national government-led efforts to mitigate climate change. Secondly, it echoes calls for the initiatives to both adopt transparent monitoring, reporting and verification mechanisms, and ensure that their activities are cost-effective with regard to climate change mitigation. Finally, the article outlines the key issues that will need to be addressed to achieve these goals.Key policy insights•The emission reductions potential of international cooperative initiatives appears to be limited, which would question some of the rational for promoting them.•The extent to which international cooperative initiatives overlap with emission reduction efforts under the UNFCCC is uncertain, but believed to be quite large.•The UNFCCC is arguably ill suited to coordinate and strengthen the accountability of international cooperative initiatives.

AB - International cooperative initiatives (ICIs) are multi-country, multi-actor non-state actions that have the potential to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The article summarizes the literature on estimates of emission reduction potentials attributed to ICIs. This summary highlights three key issues: there is a plethora of uncoordinated initiatives, often lacking specific, time-bound goals; to a greater or lesser extent most initiatives overlap with the activities conducted under the aegis of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); and few initiatives have set up transparent performance monitoring and reporting mechanisms. The article concludes with two considerations. Firstly, it advocates for the United Nations Environment Programme as one entity that could bring much-needed coordination among ICIs, and between ICIs and national government-led efforts to mitigate climate change. Secondly, it echoes calls for the initiatives to both adopt transparent monitoring, reporting and verification mechanisms, and ensure that their activities are cost-effective with regard to climate change mitigation. Finally, the article outlines the key issues that will need to be addressed to achieve these goals.Key policy insights•The emission reductions potential of international cooperative initiatives appears to be limited, which would question some of the rational for promoting them.•The extent to which international cooperative initiatives overlap with emission reduction efforts under the UNFCCC is uncertain, but believed to be quite large.•The UNFCCC is arguably ill suited to coordinate and strengthen the accountability of international cooperative initiatives.

KW - Accountability

KW - Climate change mitigation

KW - Governance

KW - International cooperative initiatives

U2 - 10.1080/14693062.2017.1321522

DO - 10.1080/14693062.2017.1321522

M3 - Journal article

VL - 18

SP - 655

EP - 663

JO - Climate Policy

JF - Climate Policy

SN - 1469-3062

IS - 5

ER -