Materials and methods: We assessed 27 consecutive MR-guided liver SBRT treatments of 67.5 Gy in three (n = 15) or 50 Gy in five fractions (n = 12), both prescribed to the GTV. We calculated fraction doses on daily patient anatomy, warped these doses to the simulation MRI using seven different algorithms, and accumulated the warped doses. Thus, we obtained differences in planned doses and warped or accumulated doses for each algorithm. This enabled us to calculate the inter-algorithm variations in warped doses per fraction and in accumulated doses per treatment course.
Results: The four intensity-based algorithms were more consistent with planned PTV dose than affine or contour-based algorithms. The mean (range) variation of the dose difference for PTV D95% due to dose warping by these intensity-based algorithms was 10.4 percentage points (0.3 to 43.7) between fractions and 8.6 (0.3 to 24.9) between accumulated treatment doses. As seen by these ranges, the variation was very dependent on the patient and the fraction being analyzed. Nevertheless, no correlations between patient or plan characteristics on the one hand and inter-algorithm dose warping variation on the other hand was found.
Conclusion: Inter-algorithm dose accumulation variation is highly patient- and fraction-dependent for MR-guided liver SBRT. We advise against trusting a single algorithm for dose accumulation in liver SBRT.
- MR-guided radiotherapy
- Liver metastases
- Dose accumulation
- Deformable image registration