Interdependence between transportation system and power distribution system: a comprehensive review on models and applications

Wei Wei*, Danman Wu, Qiuwei Wu, Miadreza Shafie-Khah, João Catalaô

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    The rapidly increasing penetration of electric vehicles in modern metropolises has been witnessed during the past decade, inspired by financial subsidies as well as public awareness of climate change and environment protection. Integrating charging facilities, especially high-power chargers in fast charging stations, into power distribution systems remarkably alters the traditional load flow pattern, and thus imposes great challenges on the operation of distribution network in which controllable resources are rare. On the other hand, provided with appropriate incentives, the energy storage capability of electric vehicle offers a unique opportunity to facilitate the integration of distributed wind and solar power generation into power distribution system. The above trends call for thorough investigation and research on the interdependence between transportation system and power distribution system. This paper conducts a comprehensive survey on this line of research. The basic models of transportation system and power distribution system are introduced, especially the user equilibrium model, which describes the vehicular flow on each road segment and is not familiar to the readers in power system community. The modelling of interdependence across the two systems is highlighted. Taking into account such interdependence, applications ranging from long-term planning to short-term operation are reviewed with emphasis on comparing the description of traffic-power interdependence. Finally, an outlook of prospective directions and key technologies in future research is summarized.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)433-448
    Publication statusPublished - 2019


    • Charging stations
    • Electric vehicles
    • Interdependence
    • Power flow
    • Power distribution network
    • Transportation network
    • User equilibrium


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