Interactions between the atmosphere, cryosphere, and ecosystems at northern high latitudes

Michael Boy*, Erik S. Thomson, Juan C.Acosta Navarro, Olafur Arnalds, Ekaterina Batchvarova, Jaana Bäck, Frank Berninger, Merete Bilde, Pavla Dagsson-Waldhauserova, Dimitri Castarède, Maryam Dalirian, Gerrit De Leeuw, Monika Dragosics, Ella Maria Duplissy, Jonathan Duplissy, Annica M.L. Ekman, Keyan Fang, Jean Charles Gallet, Marianne Glasius, Sven-Erik GryningHenrik Grythe, Hans Christen Hansson, Margareta Hansson, Elisabeth Isaksson, Trond Iversen, Ingibjorg Jonsdottir, Ville Kasurinen, Alf Kirkeväg, Atte Korhola, Radovan Krejci, Jon Egill Kristjansson, Hanna K. Lappalainen, Antti Lauri, Matti Leppäranta, Heikki Lihavainen, Risto Makkonen, Andreas Massling, Outi Meinander, E. Douglas Nilsson, Haraldur Olafsson, Jan B.C. Pettersson, Nonne L. Prisle, Ilona Riipinen, Pontus Roldin, Meri Ruppel, Matthew Salter, Maria Sand, Ovind Seland, Heikki Seppä, Henrik Skov

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The Nordic Centre of Excellence CRAICC (Cryosphere-Atmosphere Interactions in a Changing Arctic Climate), funded by NordForsk in the years 2011-2016, is the largest joint Nordic research and innovation initiative to date, aiming to strengthen research and innovation regarding climate change issues in the Nordic region. CRAICC gathered more than 100 scientists from all Nordic countries in a virtual centre with the objectives of identifying and quantifying the major processes controlling Arctic warming and related feedback mechanisms, outlining strategies to mitigate Arctic warming, and developing Nordic Earth system modelling with a focus on short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs), including natural and anthropogenic aerosols. The outcome of CRAICC is reflected in more than 150 peer-reviewed scientific publications, most of which are in the CRAICC special issue of the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. This paper presents an overview of the main scientific topics investigated in the centre and provides the reader with a state-of-the-art comprehensive summary of what has been achieved in CRAICC with links to the particular publications for further detail. Faced with a vast amount of scientific discovery, we do not claim to completely summarize the results from CRAICC within this paper, but rather concentrate here on the main results which are related to feedback loops in climate change-cryosphere interactions that affect Arctic amplification.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume19
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)2015-2061
Number of pages47
ISSN1680-7316
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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Boy, M., Thomson, E. S., Navarro, J. C. A., Arnalds, O., Batchvarova, E., Bäck, J., ... Skov, H. (2019). Interactions between the atmosphere, cryosphere, and ecosystems at northern high latitudes. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(3), 2015-2061. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-2015-2019