We examined how variations in algal-bacterial community structure relate to Cu, Zn, and Mn speciation during a diatom-rich bloom that was induced by daily additions of inorganic macronutrients to fjord waters in August 2002. The experiments were carried out in 11-m(3) floating mesocosm bags deployed in the Rauneljord, near Bergen, Norway, and operated in a chemostat (flow-through) mode. Copper speciation was controlled by the formation of very strong organic complexes (log K-1' = 15.2-15.8; log K-2' = 13.0-13.4) whose likely source was the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. Strong ligand concentrations were comparable to dissolved Cu levels. This covariation kept the free Cu2+ concentration within the range of 10(-12.4) to 10(-11.2) mol L-1, i.e., below the toxicity threshold for Synechococcus. Weaker ligands (log K-3' = 8.2-9.4) were released during-and up to 4 d following-the exponential growth of algae. During this period, the weaker Cu-binding ligands appeared to have the same source or production process as the proteinlike fluorophores detected in these coastal waters. Zinc speciation was controlled by complexation with a single class of organic ligands that appeared to be released inadvertently upon the death and/or grazing of phytoplankton. Labile manganese fluctuations were inversely synchronized with the abundance of heterotrophic bacteria until the coastal waters experienced a massive rain event on day 17 of the experiment. The rainfall, which was a source of nitrogen and micronutrients, appeared to stimulate the growth of larger cells (diatoms) but to inhibit that of the smaller cells (heterotrophic bacteria and cyanobacteria).
|Journal||Limnology and Oceanography|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|