Interaction between structurally different heteroexopolysaccharides and β-lactoglobulin studied by solution scattering and analytical ultracentrifugation

Sanaullah Khan*, Johnny Birch, Marie-Rose Van Calsteren, Richard Ipsen, Günther H.J. Peters, Birte Svensson, Pernille Harris, Kristoffer Almdal

*Corresponding author for this work

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Despite a very large number of bacterial exopolysaccharides have been reported, detailed knowledge on their molecular structures and associative interactions with proteins is lacking. Small-angle X-ray scattering, dynamic light scattering and analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC) were used to characterize the interactions of six lactic acid bacterial heteroexopolysaccharides (HePS-1-HePS-6) with β-lactoglobulin (BLG). Compared to free HePSs, a large increase in the X-ray radius of gyration RG, maximum length L and hydrodynamic diameter dH of HePS-1-HePS-4 mixed with BLG revealed strong aggregation, the extent of which depended on the compact conformation and degree of branching of these HePSs. No significant effects were observed with HePS-5 and HePS-6. Turbidity and AUC analyses showed that both soluble and insoluble BLG-HePS complexes were formed. The findings provide new insights into the role of molecular structures in associative interactions between HePSs and BLG which has relevance for various industrial applications.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Pages (from-to)746-754
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Aggregation
  • Analytical ultracentrifugation
  • Dynamic light scattering
  • Heteroexopolysaccharides
  • Small-angle X-ray scattering
  • β-Lactoglobulin

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