Interaction between Genetic Predisposition to Adiposity and Dietary Protein in Relation to Subsequent Change in Body Weight and Waist Circumference

Mikkel Z. Ankarfeldt, Sofus C. Larsen, Lars Angquist, Lise Lotte N. Husemoen, Nina Roswall, Kim Overvad, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Jytte Halkjaer, Anne Tjonneland, Allan Linneberg, Ulla Toft, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Berit L. Heitmann, Arne Astrup, Thorkild I. A. Sorensen

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Background: Genetic predisposition to adiposity may interact with dietary protein in relation to changes of anthropometry.  Objective: To investigate the interaction between genetic predisposition to higher body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) or waist-hip ratio adjusted for BMI (WHRBMI) and dietary protein in relation to subsequent change in body weight (ΔBW) or change in WC (ΔWC).  Design: Three different Danish cohorts were used. In total 7,054 individuals constituted the study population with information on diet, 50 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with BMI, WC or WHRBMI, as well as potential confounders. Mean follow-up time was similar to 5 years. Four genetic predisposition-scores were based on the SNPs; a complete-score including all selected adiposity-associated SNPs, and three scores including BMI, WC or WHRBMI associated polymorphisms, respectively. The association between protein intake and ΔBW or ΔWC were examined and interactions between SNP-score and protein were investigated. Analyses were based on linear regressions using macronutrient substitution models and meta-analyses.Results: When protein replaced carbohydrate, meta-analyses showed no associations with ΔBW (41.0 gram/y/5 energy% protein, [95% CI: 232.3; 114.3]) or ΔWC (,20.1 mm/y/5 energy % protein, [21.1; 1.1]). Similarly, there were no interactions for any SNP-scores and protein for either ΔBW (complete SNP-score: 1.8 gram/y/5 energy% protein/risk allele, [27.0; 10.6]) or ΔWC (complete SNP-score: ,0.1 mm/y/5 energy% protein/risk allele, [20.1; 0.1]). Similar results were seen when protein replaced fat. Conclusion: This study indicates that the genetic predisposition to general and abdominal adiposity, assessed by genescores, does not seem to modulate the influence of dietary protein on ΔBW or ΔWC.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere110890
JournalP L o S One
Issue number10
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2014 Ankarfeldt et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits
unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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