Inter-particle Interactions in Composites of Antiferromagnetic Nanoparticles

Cathrine Frandsen, Steen Mørup

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


We have prepared mixtures of alpha-Fe2O3, CoO, and NiO nanoparticles by drying aqueous suspensions of the particles. The magnetic properties were studied by Mossbauer spectroscopy. The measurements showed that interactions with CoO particles suppress the superparamagnetic relaxation of both alpha-Fe2O3 and Fe-57-doped NiO particles. The effect of NiO particles on alpha-FeA particles was a shorter relaxation time and an induced Morin transition, which usually is absent in alpha-Fe2O3 nanoparticles. Spectra of alpha-Fe2O3 particles, prepared by drying suspensions with added Co2+ and Ni2+ ions, showed that the suspension medium can affect the magnetic properties of the alpha-FeA particles significantly, but not in the same way as the CoO or NiO nanoparticles. Therefore, a strong inter-particle exchange interaction between particles of different materials seems to be responsible for the magnetic properties of the nanocomposites.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Issue number1-2
Pages (from-to)36-48
Publication statusPublished - 2003


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