Intelligent fault detection and location scheme for modular multi-level converter multi-terminal high-voltage direct current

Qingqing Yang, Jianwei Li*, Ricardo Santos, Kaijia Huang, Petar Igic

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

In order to overcome the drawbacks of the conventional protection methods in high‐voltage direct current transmission lines, a deep learning approach is proposed that directly learn the fault conditions based on unsupervised feature extraction to the detection and location decision by leveraging the hidden layer activations of recurrent neural network. The deep‐recurrent neural network boosting with the gated recurrent unit compared with the long short‐term memory unit is used by analysing both the signal presented in time domain and frequency domain. The proposed method is tested based on a modular multilevel converter based four‐terminal high‐voltage direct current system. Various faults under different conditions were simulated against fault resistance, external faults and small disturbance immunity with the validity, and the simulation verified a high accuracy, robustness and fast results because of the utilization of characteristic feature extraction.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHigh Voltage
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

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