Integration of rolling circle amplification and optomagnetic detection on a polymer chip

Francesca Garbarino, Gabriel Antonio S. Minero, Giovanni Rizzi, Jeppe Fock, Mikkel Fougt Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Rolling circle amplification (RCA) combined with padlock probe recognition of a DNA target is attractive for on-chip nucleic acid testing due to its high specificity and isothermal reaction conditions. However, the integration of RCA on an automated chip platform is challenging due to the different reagents needed for the reaction steps and the temperature sensitivity of the phi29 polymerase. Here, we describe the integration of an RCA assay on a single-use polymer chip platform where magnetic microbeads are used as solid support to transport the DNA target between three connected reaction chambers for (i) padlock probe annealing and ligation, (ii) RCA, and (iii) optomagnetic detection of RCA products. The three chambers were loaded with reagents by sequential filling combined with passive microfluidic structures. After loading, the on-chip assay steps were automated. For an assay in which all steps but the padlock probe annealing on the target were performed on-chip, we found a limit of detection (LOD) for a synthetic influenza target of 2 pM after 45 min of RCA, which is comparable to the corresponding laboratory assay. The entire assay, including padlock probe annealing, could be performed on-chip with an LOD of 20 pM after 45 min of RCA. This LOD can likely be reduced by further optimizing the microbead mixing. The results present important steps towards the integration and automation of RCA and potentially also other complex multi-step assays on a single-use polymer chip for molecular analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Article number111485
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Lab-on-a-chip
  • Magnetic microparticles
  • Magnetic nanoparticles
  • Microfluidics
  • Nucleic acid analysis

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