Integrated continuous winemaking process involving sequential alcoholic and malolactic fermentations with immobilized cells

Zlatina Genisheva, Andre Mota, Solange Ines Mussatto, Jose M. Oliveira , Jose A. Teixeira

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

An integrated winemaking process – including sequential alcoholic and malolactic fermentations operated continuously – was developed. For the continuous alcoholic fermentation, yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) were immobilized either on grape stems or on grape skins, while bacterial cells (Oenococcus oeni) used for conducting continuous malolactic fermentation were immobilized on grape skins only. The produced wines were subjected to chemical analysis by HPLC (ethanol, glycerol, sugars and organic acids) and by gas chromatography (major and minor volatile compounds). The final proposed integrated continuous process permitted the production of 960 mL/d of a dry white wine, with an alcoholic strength of about 13 vol%, by using two 1.5 L tower bed reactors packed with 260 g of grape skins. The produced wines revealed a good physicochemical quality. Moreover, 67% of the malic acid concentration could be reduced in the second reactor. Both fermentative processes proved to be much more efficient than those conducted traditionally with free cells or even with immobilized cells, but in the batch mode of operation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProcess Biochemistry
Volume49
Pages (from-to)1-9
ISSN1359-5113
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Integrated continuous winemaking process involving sequential alcoholic and malolactic fermentations with immobilized cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this