Insights into chirality distributions of single-walled carbon nanotubes grown on different CoxMg1-xO solid solutions

Maoshuai He, Hua Jiang, Inkeri Kauppi, Pavel V. Fedotov, Alexander I. Chernov, Elena D. Obraztsova, Filippo Carlo Cavalca, Jakob Birkedal Wagner, Thomas Willum Hansen, Jani Sainio, Emma Sairanen, Juha Lehtonen, Esko I. Kauppinen

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    Abstract

    Low-temperature chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) was achieved on two different types of Co xMg1-xO catalysts prepared by different techniques: atomic layer deposition (ALD) and impregnation. The chirality distribution of SWNTs grown on the ALD-prepared CoxMg1-xO catalyst is wider than that of SWNTs grown on the impregnation-prepared CoxMg 1-xO catalyst. The different chirality distributions of SWNTs are related to their different growth modes. The ALD-prepared CoxMg 1-xO catalyzes the growth of SWNTs by "tip growth" mode, as revealed by in situ environmental transmission electron microscopy studies. In contrast, SWNTs grow on the impregnation-prepared CoxMg 1-xO by "base growth" mode. "Base growth" is attributed to strong metal-support interactions between the epitaxially formed Co nanoparticles and the underlying MgO support, accounting for the synthesis of SWNTs with high chiral-selectivity. In addition, impregnation-prepared Co xMg1-xO catalysts calcinated at different temperatures were systematically studied and their catalytic performances in synthesizing carbon nanotubes were elucidated. This work illustrates the influence of metal-support interactions and catalyst reducibility on the chirality- distribution of the synthesized SWNTs. © the Partner Organisations 2014.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
    Volume2
    Issue number16
    Pages (from-to)5883-5889
    ISSN2050-7488
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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