Innovative microbial electrochemical process for H2O2 synthesis and residual H2O2 removal for wastewater treatment

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Abstract

Sustainable H2O2 synthesis and residual H2O2 removal are key challenges to the treatment of recalcitrant wastewater using Fenton processes. In this study, an innovative bioelectrochemical system was developed to meet the challenges by alternate switching between microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) and microbial fuel cell (MFC) mode of operation. In the MEC mode, H2O2 was produced and then reacted with Fenton’s reagent (Fe II) to form hydroxyradical. When the system was switched to MFC mode, the unused H2O2 as residual is removed at the cathode as electron acceptor. For wastewater containing 50 mg L-1 methylene blue (MB), complete decolorization and mineralization was achieved in the MEC mode with apparent first order rate constants of 0.43 and 0.22 h-1, respectively. After switching the system to the MFC mode, unused H2O2 at concentration of 180 mg L-1 was removed. The removal rate was 4.61 mg L-1 h-1 while maximum current density of 0.49 A m-2 was generated. The MB degradation and removal of unused H2O2 were affected by different operational parameters such as external resistance, cathode pH and initial MB concentration. Furthermore, stack operation greatly improved the system performance. This study for the first time demonstrated an efficient and cost-effective bioelectrochemical system for H2O2 generation, residual removal and treatment of recalcitrant pollutants.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2016
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventSustain-ATV Conference 2016: Creating Technology for a Sustainable Society - Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Duration: 30 Nov 201630 Nov 2016
http://www.sustain.dtu.dk/about/sustain-2016

Conference

ConferenceSustain-ATV Conference 2016
LocationTechnical University of Denmark
CountryDenmark
CityKgs. Lyngby
Period30/11/201630/11/2016
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Sustain Abstract W-4

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