Injection of fish protein solutions of fresh saithe (Pollachius virens) fillets studied by low field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and physicochemical measurements

María Guðjónsdóttir, Magnea Gudrún Karlsdóttir, Sigurjón Arason, Turid Rustad

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Low field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance was used in comparison to yield and physicochemical measurements to assess the effects of salt and protein injection on the properties of saithe (Pollachius virens) fillets during chilled and frozen storage. Saithe fillets injected with various combinations of salt, homogenized fish proteins, gelatine and fish protein hydrolyzate, were compared to the properties of untreated fillets. Addition of salt or fish protein hydrolyzate resulted in increased yield after cooking and water holding capacity compared to other treatments. Transversal relaxation data fitting resulted in three water populations with relaxation times of 27–45 ms, 60–99 ms and 187–341 ms. Relaxation times and respective populations showed significant correlation to various physicochemical properties, that muscle water behaviour was changed by salt and protein injection and indicated protein denaturation during frozen storage. Fish protein hydrolyzate injected fillets were most stable through storage, while gelatine injected fillets were most denatured during frozen storage.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Food Science and Technology
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)228-238
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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