Inhibitory action of toxic compounds present in lignocellulosic hydrolysates on xylose to xylitol bioconversion by Candida guilliermondii

Rogério S. Pereira, Solange I. Mussatto, Inês Conceicao Roberto

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The inhibitory action of acetic acid, ferulic acid, and syringaldehyde on metabolism of Candida guilliermondii yeast during xylose to xylitol bioconversion was evaluated. Assays were performed in buffered and nonbuffered semidefined medium containing xylose as main sugar (80.0 g/l), supplemented or not with acetic acid (0.8–2.6 g/l), ferulic acid (0.2–0.6 g/l), and/or syringaldehyde (0.3–0.8 g/l), according to a 23 full factorial design. Since only individual effects of the variables were observed, assays were performed in a next step in semidefined medium containing different concentrations of each toxic compound individually, for better understanding of their maximum concentration that can be present in the fermentation medium without affecting yeast metabolism. It was concluded that acetic acid, ferulic acid, and syringaldehyde are compounds that may affect Candida guilliermondii metabolism (mainly cell growth) during bioconversion of xylose to xylitol. Such results are of interest and reveal that complete removal of toxic compounds from the fermentation medium is not necessary to obtain efficient conversion of xylose to xylitol by Candida guilliermondii. Fermentation in buffered medium was also considered as an alternative to overcome the inhibition caused by these toxic compounds, mainly by acetic acid.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume38
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)71-78
ISSN1367-5435
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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