Influences of perceptual continuity on everyday listening

Barbara Shinn-Cunningham, Golbarg Mehraei, Scott Bressler, Salwa Masud

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In the natural environment, listeners face the challenge of parsing the sound mixture reaching their ears into individual sources, and maintaining attention on a source of interest through time long enough to extract meaning. A number of studies have shown that continuity of certain acoustic features (including pitch, location, timbre, etc.) allows the brain to group sound from one acoustic sound source together through time to form an auditory object or stream. This presentation reviews results demonstrating that auditory feature continuity has important consequences on how listeners maintain attention on a stream through time. For instance, continuity of a sound feature that a listener knows is irrelevant to the task at hand nonetheless impacts the ability to maintain auditory attention based on some other sound feature. Moreover, the influence of auditory feature continuity decreases as the time between events in a given sound stream increases. Taken together, these behavioral results support the idea that auditory attention operates on auditory objects, rather than on individual sound features, and that feature continuity has an obligatory influence on the formation of auditory streams, and therefore on how selective auditory attention allows us to communicate in everyday settings. © 2013 Acoustical Society of America.
Original languageEnglish
Article number010026
JournalMeetings on Acoustics. Proceedings
Volume19
ISSN1939-800X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event21st International Congress on Acoustics - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 2 Jun 20137 Jun 2013
Conference number: 21
http://www.ica2013montreal.org/

Conference

Conference21st International Congress on Acoustics
Number21
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period02/06/201307/06/2013
Internet address

Keywords

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Acoustic features
  • Acoustic sound
  • Auditory attention
  • Auditory feature
  • Auditory objects
  • Natural environments
  • Sound mixtures
  • Time-between-events

Cite this

Shinn-Cunningham, B., Mehraei, G., Bressler, S., & Masud, S. (2013). Influences of perceptual continuity on everyday listening. Meetings on Acoustics. Proceedings, 19, [010026]. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4799260