Influence of V2G Frequency Services and Driving on Electric Vehicles Battery Degradation in the Nordic Countries

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Abstract

Researchers worldwide are investigating whether electric vehicles (EV) Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) services can be profitable for both customer and involved stakeholders. However, marginal consideration has been given so far to the possible wear of the EV battery while providing energy intense services. This paper intends to clearly distinguish and quantify the impact on the battery life time because of normal driving and frequency based service. A representative 40 kWh EV with battery characteristics modelled as Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide batteries is taken as reference, being subject to realistic driving patterns in the Danish island of Bornholm and providing V2G service with 10 kW fast chargers when grid connected. It is shown that if the service energy requirements are relatively low, short term power flows have limited effect on the battery degradation and despite very long provision periods the degradation is not much higher than from normal driving usage.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of EVS 31 & EVTeC 2018.
Number of pages7
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019
Event31st International Electric Vehicles Symposium & Exhibition & International Electric Vehicle Technology Conference 2018 - Kobe Convention Center, Kobe, Japan
Duration: 30 Sep 20183 Oct 2018
Conference number: 31

Conference

Conference31st International Electric Vehicles Symposium & Exhibition & International Electric Vehicle Technology Conference 2018
Number31
LocationKobe Convention Center
CountryJapan
CityKobe
Period30/09/201803/10/2018

Keywords

  • A-1 Electric Vehicles
  • C-1 V2H & V2G Power Transmission
  • E-1 Batteries

Cite this

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title = "Influence of V2G Frequency Services and Driving on Electric Vehicles Battery Degradation in the Nordic Countries",
abstract = "Researchers worldwide are investigating whether electric vehicles (EV) Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) services can be profitable for both customer and involved stakeholders. However, marginal consideration has been given so far to the possible wear of the EV battery while providing energy intense services. This paper intends to clearly distinguish and quantify the impact on the battery life time because of normal driving and frequency based service. A representative 40 kWh EV with battery characteristics modelled as Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide batteries is taken as reference, being subject to realistic driving patterns in the Danish island of Bornholm and providing V2G service with 10 kW fast chargers when grid connected. It is shown that if the service energy requirements are relatively low, short term power flows have limited effect on the battery degradation and despite very long provision periods the degradation is not much higher than from normal driving usage.",
keywords = "A-1 Electric Vehicles, C-1 V2H & V2G Power Transmission, E-1 Batteries",
author = "Andreas Thingvad and Mattia Marinelli",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
booktitle = "Proceedings of EVS 31 & EVTeC 2018.",

}

Thingvad, A & Marinelli, M 2019, Influence of V2G Frequency Services and Driving on Electric Vehicles Battery Degradation in the Nordic Countries. in Proceedings of EVS 31 & EVTeC 2018.. 31st International Electric Vehicles Symposium & Exhibition & International Electric Vehicle Technology Conference 2018, Kobe, Japan, 30/09/2018.

Influence of V2G Frequency Services and Driving on Electric Vehicles Battery Degradation in the Nordic Countries. / Thingvad, Andreas; Marinelli, Mattia.

Proceedings of EVS 31 & EVTeC 2018.. 2019.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

TY - GEN

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AU - Thingvad, Andreas

AU - Marinelli, Mattia

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N2 - Researchers worldwide are investigating whether electric vehicles (EV) Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) services can be profitable for both customer and involved stakeholders. However, marginal consideration has been given so far to the possible wear of the EV battery while providing energy intense services. This paper intends to clearly distinguish and quantify the impact on the battery life time because of normal driving and frequency based service. A representative 40 kWh EV with battery characteristics modelled as Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide batteries is taken as reference, being subject to realistic driving patterns in the Danish island of Bornholm and providing V2G service with 10 kW fast chargers when grid connected. It is shown that if the service energy requirements are relatively low, short term power flows have limited effect on the battery degradation and despite very long provision periods the degradation is not much higher than from normal driving usage.

AB - Researchers worldwide are investigating whether electric vehicles (EV) Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) services can be profitable for both customer and involved stakeholders. However, marginal consideration has been given so far to the possible wear of the EV battery while providing energy intense services. This paper intends to clearly distinguish and quantify the impact on the battery life time because of normal driving and frequency based service. A representative 40 kWh EV with battery characteristics modelled as Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide batteries is taken as reference, being subject to realistic driving patterns in the Danish island of Bornholm and providing V2G service with 10 kW fast chargers when grid connected. It is shown that if the service energy requirements are relatively low, short term power flows have limited effect on the battery degradation and despite very long provision periods the degradation is not much higher than from normal driving usage.

KW - A-1 Electric Vehicles

KW - C-1 V2H & V2G Power Transmission

KW - E-1 Batteries

M3 - Article in proceedings

BT - Proceedings of EVS 31 & EVTeC 2018.

ER -