Influence of the nature of interfaces on the capillary transport in layered materials

Hannelore Derluyn, Hans Janssen, Jan Carmeliet

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    This paper presents an experimental and quantitative analysis of capillary transport across the interface brick–mortar joint in masonry. Moisture profiles are measured with X-ray projection. The influence of curing conditions is analyzed by considering three types of mortars: cured in a mould, between capillary wet and dry bricks. A decrease in moisture inflow for the mortars cured between bricks is measured. The pore structure and the moisture transport properties of mortar change significantly due to water extraction from the initially wet mortar to the bricks during curing. Numerical simulations reveal the existence of a hydraulic interface resistance between brick and wet/dry cured mortar.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalConstruction and Building Materials
    Issue number9
    Pages (from-to)3685-3693
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


    • Interface resistance
    • Mortar
    • Masonry
    • Moisture transport
    • Curing
    • Hygric properties


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