Influence of the Crc global regulator on substrate uptake rates and the distribution of metabolic fluxes in Pseudomonas putida KT2440 growing in a complete medium

Lázaro Molina, Ruggero La Rosa, Juan Nogales, Fernando Rojo*

*Corresponding author for this work

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When the soil bacterium Pseudomonas putida grows in a complete medium, it prioritizes the assimilation of preferred carbon sources, optimizing its metabolism and growth. This regulatory process is orchestrated by the Crc and Hfq proteins. The present work examines the changes that occur in metabolic fluxes when the crc gene is inactivated and cells grow exponentially in LB complete medium. Analyses were performed at three different moments during exponential growth, examining the assimilation rates for the compounds present in LB, changes in the proteome, and the changes in metabolic fluxes predicted by the iJN1411 metabolic model for P. putida KT2440. During the early exponential phase, consumption rates for sugars, many organic acids and most amino acids were higher in a Crc-null strain than in the wild type, leading to an overflow of the metabolic pathways and the leakage of pyruvate and acetate. These accelerated consumption rates decreased during the mid-exponential phase, when cells mostly used sugars and alanine. At later times, pyruvate was recovered from the medium and utilized. The higher consumption rates of the Crc-null strain reduced the growth rate. The lack of the Crc/Hfq regulatory system thus led to unbalanced metabolism with poorly optimized metabolic fluxes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Microbiology
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)4446-4459
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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