Influence of Shrinkage-Reducing Admixtures on the Development of Plastic Shrinkage Cracks

Pietro Lura, Bradley Justin Pease, Guy Mazzotta, Farshad Rajabipour, Jason Weiss

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Abstract

The term plastic shrinkage cracking is generally used to describe cracks that form between the time when concrete is placed and the time when concrete sets. This paper discusses how the evaporation of water causes concave menisci to form on the surface of fresh concrete. These menisci cause both settlement of the concrete and tensile stress development in the surface of the concrete, which increase the potential for development of plastic shrinkage cracks. Specifically, this paper studies the development of plastic shrinkage cracks in mortars containing a commercially available shrinkage-reducing admixture (SRA). Mortars containing SRA show fewer and narrower plastic shrinkage cracks than plain mortars when exposed to the same environmental conditions. It is proposed that the lower surface tension of the pore fluid in the mortars containing SRA results in less evaporation, reduced settlement, reduced capillary tension, and lower crack-inducing stresses at the topmost layer of the mortar.
Original languageEnglish
JournalA C I Materials Journal
Volume104
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)187-194
ISSN0889-325X
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Cite this

Lura, P., Pease, B. J., Mazzotta, G., Rajabipour, F., & Weiss, J. (2007). Influence of Shrinkage-Reducing Admixtures on the Development of Plastic Shrinkage Cracks. A C I Materials Journal, 104(2), 187-194.