Influence of feed ingredients on water quality parameters in RAS

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearch


Although feed by far is providing the major input to RAS, relatively little is published about the correlation between feed composition and the resulting water quality in such systems. In a set-up with 6 identical RAS, each consisting of a fish tank (0.5 m3), a swirl separator, a submerged biofilter (0.67 m3/100 m2) and a trickling filter (0.17 m3/33 m2), two different feed types were tested in a triplicate set-up. The two feed types used were identical recipes (44% protein, 30% fat) except for the inclusion of 0.2 % guar gum (Grindsted Guar, Danisco) in one of the types. The inclusion level of plant-based protein in the diets was relatively high (68% of protein). Growth performance (SGR, FCR) was not different between the feed types. Fish in each system - and thereby the system itself - were fed 500 g feed/day. After 8 weeks on the same commercial feed type, test feed was administered to the systems for 49 consecutive days. Each week, 24h-water samples (1 sample/hour) were collected from each system. The sludge collected in the swirl separator that day was also collected. Water and sludge were subsequently analysed for nitrogen, phosphorous and organic matter content. Inclusion of guar gum had impact on water quality in the systems as well as on matter removed by the swirl separators. In the RAS water, phosphorous (Ptot and Pdiss) concentrations were reduced by guar gum. Organic matter content (CODdiss) in the water was also reduced. Corresponding to this, more dry matter, more COD and more phosphorous were removed by the swirl separators. As might be expected from the high protein digestibility (determined in a separate study), no effects were generally observed on nitrogen compounds
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWorkshop on Recirculating Aquaculture Systems Helsinki, October 5-6, 2011
EditorsAnne Johanne Tang Dalsgaard
Number of pages52
VolumeNo. 31
Place of PublicationCharlottenlund
PublisherDTU Aqua
Publication date2011
ISBN (Print)978-87-7481-136-7
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventWorkshop on Recirculating Aquaculture Systems - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 5 Apr 20116 Apr 2011


WorkshopWorkshop on Recirculating Aquaculture Systems
SeriesDTU Aqua Report


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