Influence of Deposit Formation on Corrosion at a Straw Fired boiler

Lone Aslaug Hansen, Hanne Philbert Michelsen, Flemming Frandsen, Kim Dam-Johansen, Steffen Hørlyck, Asger Karlsson

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Straw-fired boilers generally experience severe problems with deposit formation and are expected to suffer from severe superheater corrosion at high steam temperatures due to the large alkali and chlorine content in straw. In this study, deposits collected (1) on air-cooled probes and (2) directly at the existing heat transfer surfaces of a straw-fired boiler have been examined. Deposits collected on air-cooled probes were found to consist of an inner layer of KCl and an outer layer of sintered fly ash. Ash deposits formed on the heat transfer surfaces all had a characteristic layered structure, with a dense layer of K2SO4 present adjacent to the metal surface. It is argued that the K2SO4 layer present adjacent to the metal surface may lead to reduced corrosion rates at this boiler. A discussion of the deposit structure, the K2SO4 layer formation mechanism, and the influence of the inner layer composition on the corrosion of the superheaters is provided. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Issue number1-3
Pages (from-to)189-209
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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