Influence of carbon monoxide on the cathode in high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

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Abstract

This paper describes the results of adding small amounts of CO gas to the cathode side in a HT-PEM fuel cell with a polybenzimidazole (PBI) membrane running on either oxygen or air. Experimental conditions: Temperature ranges 120–160 °C, constant current either 200 mA/cm2 or 800 mA/cm2 and CO ranges 0.1–1.3%. In this case it was found that small amounts of CO under special conditions have a beneficial effect on the potential of the fuel cells, whereas larger amounts can bring the potential down to almost zero. An interesting phenomenon is that after the flow of CO is switched off a temporary improvement of the potential is seen before the situation goes back to normal. A good explanation for this is a competition between CO, O2 and H3PO4 at the three phase boundaries, also that a steady state exist in which CO constantly is oxidized to CO2.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume42
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)3309-3315
ISSN0360-3199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • HT-PEM
  • Fuel cells
  • Polybenzimidazole
  • PBI
  • Cathode CO poisoning

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