Influence of alkali-silica reaction and crack orientation on the uniaxial compressive strength of concrete cores from slab bridges

Ricardo Antonio Barbosa*, Søren Gustenhoff Hansen, Kurt Kielsgaard Hansen, Linh Cao Hoang, Bent Grelk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

For a reliable structural analysis and risk assessment of concrete structures damaged by alkali-silica reaction (ASR), knowledge of the concrete compressive strength is essential.This comprehensive study investigates the residual compressive strength of concrete cores drilled from three severely ASR-damaged flat slab bridges in service. Furthermore, the influence of the ASR-induced crack orientation on the compressive strength and the Young's modulus is investigated. Uniaxial compression tests, visual observations, and thin section examinations were performed on more than 100 cores drilled from the three severely ASR-damaged flat slab bridges. It was found that the orientation of ASR-induced cracks has a significant influence on the uniaxial compressive strength and the stress strain relationship of the tested cores. The compressive strength in a direction parallel to ASR cracks can be significantly higher than the strength in the direction perpendicular to ASR cracks. It is proposed that for an increasing amount of ASR-induced cracks in the extracted cores the anisotropic concrete behaviour in compression will be reduced. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume176
Pages (from-to)440-451
Number of pages12
ISSN0950-0618
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Alkali-silica reaction
  • Slab bridges
  • Uniaxial compressive strength
  • Young's modulus
  • Crack orientation
  • Thin section examination
  • Failure mechanism

Cite this

@article{16678d4fa5424e5596b07eca7149d462,
title = "Influence of alkali-silica reaction and crack orientation on the uniaxial compressive strength of concrete cores from slab bridges",
abstract = "For a reliable structural analysis and risk assessment of concrete structures damaged by alkali-silica reaction (ASR), knowledge of the concrete compressive strength is essential.This comprehensive study investigates the residual compressive strength of concrete cores drilled from three severely ASR-damaged flat slab bridges in service. Furthermore, the influence of the ASR-induced crack orientation on the compressive strength and the Young's modulus is investigated. Uniaxial compression tests, visual observations, and thin section examinations were performed on more than 100 cores drilled from the three severely ASR-damaged flat slab bridges. It was found that the orientation of ASR-induced cracks has a significant influence on the uniaxial compressive strength and the stress strain relationship of the tested cores. The compressive strength in a direction parallel to ASR cracks can be significantly higher than the strength in the direction perpendicular to ASR cracks. It is proposed that for an increasing amount of ASR-induced cracks in the extracted cores the anisotropic concrete behaviour in compression will be reduced. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Alkali-silica reaction, Slab bridges, Uniaxial compressive strength, Young's modulus, Crack orientation, Thin section examination, Failure mechanism",
author = "Barbosa, {Ricardo Antonio} and Hansen, {S{\o}ren Gustenhoff} and Hansen, {Kurt Kielsgaard} and Hoang, {Linh Cao} and Bent Grelk",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.03.096",
language = "English",
volume = "176",
pages = "440--451",
journal = "Construction and Building Materials",
issn = "0950-0618",
publisher = "Elsevier",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of alkali-silica reaction and crack orientation on the uniaxial compressive strength of concrete cores from slab bridges

AU - Barbosa, Ricardo Antonio

AU - Hansen, Søren Gustenhoff

AU - Hansen, Kurt Kielsgaard

AU - Hoang, Linh Cao

AU - Grelk, Bent

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - For a reliable structural analysis and risk assessment of concrete structures damaged by alkali-silica reaction (ASR), knowledge of the concrete compressive strength is essential.This comprehensive study investigates the residual compressive strength of concrete cores drilled from three severely ASR-damaged flat slab bridges in service. Furthermore, the influence of the ASR-induced crack orientation on the compressive strength and the Young's modulus is investigated. Uniaxial compression tests, visual observations, and thin section examinations were performed on more than 100 cores drilled from the three severely ASR-damaged flat slab bridges. It was found that the orientation of ASR-induced cracks has a significant influence on the uniaxial compressive strength and the stress strain relationship of the tested cores. The compressive strength in a direction parallel to ASR cracks can be significantly higher than the strength in the direction perpendicular to ASR cracks. It is proposed that for an increasing amount of ASR-induced cracks in the extracted cores the anisotropic concrete behaviour in compression will be reduced. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - For a reliable structural analysis and risk assessment of concrete structures damaged by alkali-silica reaction (ASR), knowledge of the concrete compressive strength is essential.This comprehensive study investigates the residual compressive strength of concrete cores drilled from three severely ASR-damaged flat slab bridges in service. Furthermore, the influence of the ASR-induced crack orientation on the compressive strength and the Young's modulus is investigated. Uniaxial compression tests, visual observations, and thin section examinations were performed on more than 100 cores drilled from the three severely ASR-damaged flat slab bridges. It was found that the orientation of ASR-induced cracks has a significant influence on the uniaxial compressive strength and the stress strain relationship of the tested cores. The compressive strength in a direction parallel to ASR cracks can be significantly higher than the strength in the direction perpendicular to ASR cracks. It is proposed that for an increasing amount of ASR-induced cracks in the extracted cores the anisotropic concrete behaviour in compression will be reduced. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - Alkali-silica reaction

KW - Slab bridges

KW - Uniaxial compressive strength

KW - Young's modulus

KW - Crack orientation

KW - Thin section examination

KW - Failure mechanism

U2 - 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.03.096

DO - 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.03.096

M3 - Journal article

VL - 176

SP - 440

EP - 451

JO - Construction and Building Materials

JF - Construction and Building Materials

SN - 0950-0618

ER -