Influence from Polarized Galactic Background Noise on L-band Measurements of the Sea Surface Salinity

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The polarimetric EMIRAD radiometer, based on novel digital down conversion and detection techniques, has been installed on a C-130 aircraft from the Royal Danish. Air Force during the L-band Ocean Salinity Airborne Campaign (LOSAC) in 2001 and 2003. Full 360° circle flight patterns around the same target area as well as clover leaf patterns have been measured, and both provide an azimuth signature of the ocean at a constant incidence angle. The resulting azimuth signatures show significant variations in all the three first Stokes parameters, and a correlation is found between the downwelling galactic background signal and the measured results. The measured 3rd Stokes parameter has variations of the same order of magnitude as the two linear polarizations, and to verify this result, an experiment for direct observation of the sky over long time is set up. This experiment confirms the presence of a polarized galactic background signal, and conclusions are made with respect to the necessity for polarimetric corrections in future measurements over the sea at L-band.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of IGARSS'04
Number of pages4
Publication date2004
ISBN (Print)0-7803-8742-2
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Event2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium - Anchorage, AK, United States
Duration: 20 Sep 200424 Sep 2004


Conference2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAnchorage, AK
Internet address

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