The polarimetric EMIRAD radiometer, based on novel digital down conversion and detection techniques, has been installed on a C-130 aircraft from the Royal Danish. Air Force during the L-band Ocean Salinity Airborne Campaign (LOSAC) in 2001 and 2003. Full 360° circle flight patterns around the same target area as well as clover leaf patterns have been measured, and both provide an azimuth signature of the ocean at a constant incidence angle. The resulting azimuth signatures show significant variations in all the three first Stokes parameters, and a correlation is found between the downwelling galactic background signal and the measured results. The measured 3rd Stokes parameter has variations of the same order of magnitude as the two linear polarizations, and to verify this result, an experiment for direct observation of the sky over long time is set up. This experiment confirms the presence of a polarized galactic background signal, and conclusions are made with respect to the necessity for polarimetric corrections in future measurements over the sea at L-band.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of IGARSS'04|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
|Event||2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium - Anchorage, AK, United States|
Duration: 20 Sep 2004 → 24 Sep 2004
|Conference||2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium|
|Period||20/09/2004 → 24/09/2004|