Infection of pigs with African swine fever virus via ingestion of stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans )

Ann Sofie Olesen, Louise Lohse, Mette Frimodt Hansen, Anette Boklund, Tariq Halasa, Graham J. Belsham, Thomas Bruun Rasmussen, Anette Bøtner, Rene Bødker*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Within Eastern Europe, African swine fever virus (ASFV) has unexpectedly spread to farms with high biosecurity. In an attempt to explain this process, pigs were allowed to ingest flies that had fed on ASFV-spiked blood, which had a realistic titre for an infected pig. Some of the pigs became infected with the virus. Thus, ingestion of blood-sucking flies, having fed on ASFV-infected wild boar before entering stables, represents a potential route for disease transmission
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
    Volume65
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)1152-1157
    ISSN1865-1674
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Bibliographical note

    This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

    Keywords

    • African swine fever
    • Blood-feeding flies
    • Haemorrhagic disease
    • Stomoxys calcitrans
    • Virus transmission

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